零基础到四六级专四语法

  • 名称:零基础到四六级专四语法
  • 分类:四六级考试  
  • 观看人数:加载中
  • 时间:2018/1/7 17:30:21
收藏: 更多
 零基础到四六级专四语法讲解

零基础到四六级专四语法在线课堂

零基础到四六级专四语法视频

 
English英语专八专四学习复习资料 
英语专四语法重点汇总 
版权所有,违者必究,未经协议授权,禁止下载使用。 
注:如恶意泄漏该资料,或通过该资料作为任何盈利的手段,作者有权追究其法律责任。 
本资料为过来人的考试经验所整理,也需结合其他复习书籍一起备考哦 
这份资料集结历年专四的考试重点,按考试经验已经过筛选 
 
一、 非谓语动词的主要考点 
1. 有些典型动词后面可以接上不定式或动名词来做宾语的,但是在意思上是有区别的,主要常考到的动词罗列如下: 
mean to do想要(做某事)VS mean doing意味(做某事)             propose to do 打算(做某事)VS propose doing建议(做某事) 
forget to do忘记(要做的事)VS forget doing忘记(已做的事)          remember to do记得(要做某事)VS remember doing记得(做过) 
go on to do继而(做另一件事)VS go on doing继续(做原来的事) 
stop to do停下来去做另一件事VS stop doing停止正在做的事 
regret to do(对将要做的事)遗憾VS regret doing(对已做过的事)后悔 
 
2. 不定式的习惯用法 典型句型整理如下: 
如:“cannot help but do”——“不得不做某事” 如:“cannot but do”—— “不禁做某事” 
如:“cannot choose but do”—— “不由自主地做某事” 如:“can do nothing but do”—— “不能不做某事”
 
如:“have no choice but to do”—— “只能做某事” 如:“have no alternative but to do”—— “只能做某事” 例句:The boy cannot help but be greatly influenced by the useful instruction given by his family tutor. 
When I start my job career, I cannot choose but look back upon the beautiful days I spent on campus.  
3. 动名词的习惯用法   
典型动名词的习惯句型整理罗列如下: 如:be busy/active doing sth.      如:It’s no good/use doing sth.  如:spend/waste time doing sth. 
如:have difficulty/trouble/problem doing sth.   如:have a good/great/wonderful time doing sth.    如:There is no point/sense/harm/ use doing sth.  例句: 
There is no use crying over spilt milk.(典型例句) 牛奶洒了,哭也没用;后悔是没有用的;覆水难受 
I really have problem solving these mathematic questions since I am not major in science after all. 
 
 
二、 形容词与副词及其比较级 
1. 形容词的句法功能   
形容词通常在句子中用做定语、表语与主语的语法成分,通常考到的知识点总结如下: (1) 以 “a” 开头的形容词 
如“alone”、“alike”、“asleep”、“awake”等一般不能做前置定语,通常是做表语或后置定语的 
例句:Jerry didn’t pass the important final exam, please let him alone for the time being. 
Michael came back from job just now, and his eyes were shut and he seemed to have fallen asleep. 
(2) 某些以副词词缀 “-ly” 结尾的词其实是形容词,不能看错是副词,例如“friendly”、“leisurely”、“lovely”等 
(3) 下列动词既是实义动词又是系动词,注意用做系动词时,要求形容词做表语 这些典型单词罗列如下: 
“remain”、“keep”、“become”、“get”、“grow”、“go”、“come”、“turn”、“stay”、“stand”、“run”、“prove”、“seem”、“appear”、“look”等 
例句:The situation remains tense between the two countries at this juncture. 在这个节骨眼上,两国形势仍然持续紧张。
 
There is strong possibility that such a style of mutual cooperation will prove unworkable. 这种合作模式大有可能行不通。  
2. 某些词虽然不用比较级形式却自身带有比较概念 这些典型词汇总结如下: 
“inferior”、“minor”、“senior”、“prior”、“prefer to”、“superior”、“major”、“junior”、“preferable”、“differ from”、“compared with”、“in comparison with”、“different from”、“rather than”等 例句:After visiting at weekends, I think their villa is superior to all the other villas in the countryside.  
3. 有关比较级的特殊句型 
(1) not so much„as„ 与其说„还不如说„   
例句:The major reason for his suicide isn’t so much his negative emotions as his incapacity to take care of himself. (2) no/not any more„than„ 两者一样都不„ 
例句:It is well acknowledged by the public that the heart is no any more intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain altogether.   
(3) no /not any less„than„ 两者一样都„ 
例句:I was good at almost all subjects when I was in the junior high school, and particularly speaking, mathematics was no any less。
 
good than physics at that time. 
(4) just as„so„ 正如„,„也„(会使用到倒装结构) 例如:Just as chocolate is a part of my favorite food, so is the ice cream.    
三、 虚拟语气 
简明概述:虚拟语气是指说话人讲话的内容与现实或事实相反,是一种主观假想的情况。 
 
时态:可表示过去、现在和将来,特征是时态相应退后。  
1. 与现在事实相反的主观假设: 条件从句 
主句 
一般现在时 改为 一般过去时 注:be动词一律改为were should/would/could/might + 动词原形 
 例句: 
If there were an English dictionary, we could consult it for this difficult word. 
If my bigger brother were here, he would do us a favor to move the四、定语从句 
简明概述:定语从句在句中充当定语的角色,修饰句中前面所提到的名/代词。被修饰的名/代词称为先行词。 
 
关系代词 (who, whom, whose, which, that): 
注:没有what 
关系代词所代替的主要是人或物的名/代词,在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。
五、名词性从句 
简明概述:名词性从句在句中相当于名词词组/成分。由于它在复合句中能作主语、宾语、表语、同位语等,因此名词性从句(总称)又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句等。 
 
引导名词性从句的连接词重点概括如下: 
1. 连接词:that, whether, if (只起连接主句和从句的作用,在从句中不作任何成分)
六、倒装 
简明概述:倒装句由全部倒装和部分倒装组成。全部倒装是把句中的谓语部分全部挪到主语前面,时态通常是一般现在时和一般过去时;部分倒装则是将谓语的一部分,如助动词或情态动词倒装于主语之前。如果谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需要我们帮助补充助动词,如do,does,did,并将它们放在主语的前面。
七、主谓一致 
简明概述:主谓一致即主语与谓语在语法单复数形式上保持一致。本章节重点罗列了英语专四考试中经常会考到且常出现的几种情况以供大家参考、复习。  
 
以“s”结尾的书名、杂志名、国家名、组织名,虽然字面上是“复数”形式,但其实只能作为一个独立的个/整体。所以作主语时,谓语动词要为单数。