• 名称:冀教版七年级英语下在线课堂
  • 分类:初一课程  
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  • 时间:2021/4/17 19:45:52


Unit 1 School and Friends


be from来自 over there 在那里 homeroom teacher 指导教师

visiting student 访问生 show ... around 带领...参观

have lessons 上课 have fun 玩的愉快play sports 进行体育活动

guessing game 猜谜游戏 play a guessing game 玩猜谜游戏

shopping list 购物单

Class Four 四班 welcome to ... 欢迎来到...

get books 借书 plan their lessons 备课 have science classes 上科学科

let’sdo sth. 咱们做某事吧

It’sone’s turn to do sth. Now. 现在轮到某人做某事了。

on the wall 在墙上 buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 给某人买某物

get sth for sb. 为某人取(买,拿)某物


——What’s your name? (特殊疑问句,用于询问对方的名字,句中的what’s 是what is 的缩写形式。)

——My name is ... / I’m(I am)...

How are you? 你好吗? I’m fine. And you? 我很好,你呢?

——Nice to meet you. 见到你很高兴。(第一次见面时相互问候的用语。) ——Nice to meet you, too.见到你也很高兴

Good morning。早上好。 Let’s ... 咱们...吧。

——Excuse me. May I have /borrow ...抱歉/打扰。我可以借...吗? ——Hereyou are. 给你。

——May I ...

——(肯定回答)OK. /Sure./ Certainly./Of course./ Yes, you may.

——(否定回答) Sorry./ No, you may not.

注意: may not 无缩写形式。

You are welcome! 不客气!

See you later./See you. 再见。

What about sth(what about doing sth)  某物(做某事)怎么样?

This is?? 这是?? (此句式有两种用法:

1.向别人介绍你身边的你熟悉而对方不认识或者不熟悉的人时。2 介绍近处的物品时。) Her/his name is ?? 她/他的名字是??

注意:表示“在几班”时,用“班级(第一个字母必须大写)+阿拉伯数字或基数词(第一个字母必须大写)”。如 Class 2= Class Two

Here is my list. 此句是由here构成的倒装句,起强调作用。


(1) 主语是人称代词,用部分倒装。结构为: Here/There +主语+谓语动词+其他

    如: Here you are. 给你。

(2) 若主语不是人称代词,用全部倒装。结构为: Here/There +谓语动词+主语+其他。

    如:Here comes the bus. 公共汽车来了。


Unit 2 Colours and Clothes


Light blue 浅蓝色 look at?? 看?? come out 出现(I come out after the rain. High in thesky.)

in the sky 在天空中 just right 刚刚好,正好 (be)ready for??准备去?? catch a cold 感冒 go back 回去 put on 穿上

get well with 和??很相配,协调take??all out of 把所有的?取出

look so pretty 看上去很漂亮 in black and white 身穿黑白相间的衣服 write??about??写关于??的??

around the world 全世界 uniforms for work 工作服

go shopping 去购物 at the shopping centre 在购物中心

mix??and??把??和??混在一起 just right正合适,刚刚好

What colour??什么颜色(对颜色进行提问)

at 1:00 p.m.


Sth. is too+形容词(原形)+for sb. 某物对某人来说太??

Whose scarf is this?用来询问物品归谁所有,用于对物主代词或者名词所有格提问。句型转换时,若后有名词,要将名词一起提前。

单数名词+ is this/that/ it?

结构:whose+ 复数名词+are these/those/they?

不可数名词+is it?

Be ready for sth. 和be ready to do sth.有时可互换。如:

I am ready for lunch.= I am ready to have lunch. 现在我准备好吃午饭了。

How many colours do you see ? 你能看到多少颜色?

My favorite colour is ?? 我最喜欢的颜色是??

Say goodbye to sb.向某人问好。Say yes/no to sb. 向某人说行/不行。

I’mso+形容词+to do sth.+其他。做某事我很?? 如:

I’mso glad to see you. 见到你我很高兴。

Unit 3 Body Parts and Feelings


play with 和??一起玩 make?? for?? 为??做??

do one’s homework 做作业 listen to 听?? on foot 步行

wave one’s hand 挥手 see red 火冒三丈be angry 生气

a bit 有点儿,稍微 stand against?? 靠着??站stand upon站在??上面

one donut a day 一天一个面包圈 see a doctor 看医生

have a cold 感冒 stay at home 呆在家里 have a rest 休息一下

look cool/cute/funny/different 看起来很酷/很可爱/很滑稽/不同

short black hair 黑色短发use??for??用??表示??(We use many colors for our feelings.)

make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

take medicine 吃药stay home=stay athome 呆在家里


1 ——Howtall is he/she ? 他/她多高?——He/Sheis ??meters tall. 他/她身高??米。

2 How do you feel ?你感觉怎么样? I’m/feel ?? 我感觉??

3 What’s wrong?= what’s the matter? 怎么了?

4 I have a headache/stomacheache. 我头疼/肚子疼。

5 You’d(you had) better do?? 你最好做??

6 Are you OK? 你还好吗? 7 Let’s go and see a doctor. 咱们去看医生吧。

8 What does he/she look like? 他/她长什么样?结构为:whatdo/does + 主语+look like?某人长什么样?

9. like常见固定搭配:

Like to do sth. (表示具体的某一次动作) I like to visit Tom today. 今天我想拜访Tom. Likedoing sth. (表示习惯性、一般性动作)I like reading. 我喜欢读书。

Would like to do sth. (表示想要做某事) I would like to go out for a walk. 我想出去散步。

10. I wear glasses. 我戴着眼镜。a pair of glasses 一副眼镜

Unit 4 Food and Restaurants


have a salad 吃色拉 make a salad 做色拉 a glass of juice 一杯果汁 put??on?? 把??放在??上面 a cup of tea 一杯茶

be full of??充满 write down 写下来 have to 不得不

want to do sth. 想要做某事 take sb. to ?? 带着某人去??

at the market 在市场 look good 看起来不错 how much 多少钱

be ready to do sth. 准备好做某事 in the restaurant 在餐馆里

something to drink 喝的东西 a can/bottle/glass/cup of?? 一听/瓶/玻璃杯/杯?? cornerstore 便利店

take down 拿下,取下(P58Take one down. Pass it around. 19 bottles of water on the wall. )

pass around 分发,传送 be away 不在,离开

get enough rest 得到充分的休息 watch TV 看电视

every day 每天 for example 例如 be short for??的简称

no problem 没问题


1. It’s time for +名词 常用语催促对方做某事

It’stime (for sb.) to do sth. 该到(某人)做某事的时间了。

2. what’s for 三餐/下午茶/饭后甜点?表示三餐/下午茶/饭后甜点吃什么?

3. be full of 充满??

4. 1)对于would like sth.?提出的建议或要求, 肯定回答:Yes, please. 否定回答:No,

thanks/thank you.

2)对于wouldyou like to do sth.? 肯定回答:yes./sure. I’d like/love to. 否定回答: I’d like to, but??.表委婉拒绝。

5. take sb. to someplace 带着某人去某地

6. how much +be+名词?用于询问价格。

7. can I help you? 我能帮助你么?此为服务性行业人员的常用语。

类似的说法还有: May I help you? what can I do for you?

Is there anything I can do for you?

help 的常用短语: help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

help sb. with sth. 帮助某人某事 ask sb. for help向某人求助

8. pass it around。把它分发下去。

Pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

9. don’t watch too much TV! 不要看太多电视!

Too much “太多”,修饰不可数名词或放在动词之后。 Too many “太多”,修饰可数名词。

Unit 5 Family and Home


the Smith family 史密斯一家 talk on the police radio用警用对讲机讲话 Jenny’s family 詹尼的家庭

 walk to school 步行去学校

on weekends 在周末 play football 踢足球

be close with 与??亲近 be ready to 准备好做??

work hard at school 努力学习 in front of 在??前面

go on a picnic=have a picnic 去野餐 a basket of 一篮子??

lots of 许多 look out 小心,注意 set the table 摆放餐具

have a birthday party 举行生日聚会 make a birthday card 制作生日卡片

on the front (of) 在??的正面 happy birthday 生日快乐


1. we are the Smith family. 我们是史密斯一家。


The Browns are friendly to everyone. 布朗一家对每个人都很友好。

2. what does she do ?


What +do/does+主语+do? What’s one’sjob?

3. she is walking to school. 她正步行去学校。

Walk to school= go to school on foot 步行去学校

4. I have no brothers or sisters. 我没有兄弟姐妹。结构为:主语+have/has +no+名词。

相当于 主语+don’t have+名词。例如:

I have no money.= I don’t have any money.

注意:or 用于否定句中,意思为“和”, 在肯定句中则用and 表示“和”。

例如:I have no food or water. 我没有食物和水。

5. I can talk to him about everything. 我可以跟他说一切事情。

Talk to/with sb. 与某人谈话 talk about sb./sth. 谈论某人/某事

6. The chair is in front of the desk. 椅子在桌子前面。

in front of 在??的前面,强调一个物体在另一个物体外部的前面。

in the front of 在??的前部,强调一个物体在另一个物体内部的前面。

7. how old are you ?

how +old+be+主语?用来询问年龄,其答语为:主语+be+数词+years old.

同义句为:what’s +one’s age? 在口语中一般不询问女士年龄。

8. ??it’s called a lucky birthday. ??它被叫做一个幸运的生日。

be called 被叫做 He is called Li Ming. 他被叫做李明。

Unit 6 Let’s Go!


Take Bus 42 乘坐42路公共汽车 go to the bookstore 去书店

get off 下车, 从??下来 get on上车 godown 沿着??向前走

take a bus to??= go to ??by bus 乘坐公共汽车去某地 turn left向左转

ride to??=go to??by bike 骑自行车去某地

ask sb. the way 向某人问路 get lost=be lost 迷路 look for 寻找 next to 紧邻,挨着

at the traffic lights 在交通信号灯处 go straight 一直走 on the way to 在去??的路上

go to the zoo 去动物园 at the zoo 在动物园 make noises 制造噪音 of course 当然

by bike 骑自行车 on the farm 在农场 feed on sth. 以??为生

be friendly to 对?友好 in Chinese 用汉语find out 找出,发现

be worried about 对??担心 worry about sb. 担心某人 at the museum 在博物馆

the Palace Museum 故宫 learn about 了解,知道 be afraid to do sth. 害怕去做某事

on one’s/the way to +地点 在去??的途中 be afraid of sth. 害怕某物


1. How can we get there? 我们怎么才能到那里呢?

此句用来询问乘坐何种交通工具去某地。常用句型“How+can/do/does +主语+动词原形+其他?”。回答可用“by+交通工具”的形式。

如: ——How can he go to school? 他怎么去学校? —— By bus.乘公车。

2. But they get lost on the way to the bookstore. 但是他们在去书店的途中迷路了。

(1) get lost =be lost 迷路

(2) on one’s/the way to +地点 在去??的途中 当地点为home/here/there 等副词时,

to 省略。

如: I see a dog on the way to school. 在去学校的路上我看到一只狗。

3. He looks lonely. 他看起来很孤独。


注意:lonely 和 alone 的区别,lonely指“人感到孤单”,含有浓重的感情色彩。而alone可作形容词和副词,表示“单独,独自一个”,不含感情色彩。

The old woman lives alone, and she feels lonely. 这位老妇人一个人住,她感到孤单。

4. We can learn about the history of war. 我们可以了解一下战争史。

(1) learn about 了解,知道。同义短语为 know about

(2) history, 名词,意为历史,历史课程。The history of?? ??的历史

如:Do you know about the history of dinosaurs? 你了解恐龙的历史吗?

Unit 7 Days and Months


go swimming 去游泳 go skating 去滑冰 play outside 去外面玩 fly a kite放风筝

have a good time=have fun玩得高兴 put??into ??把??放到??里面

mark one’s calendar 标注某人的日历 lots of 许多 Sports Day 运动会

have a birthday party 举办生日聚会 Christmas Eve 圣诞夜

all of??全部?? get a present 收到一份礼物 go shopping 去购物

big sales 大减价,大优惠 count down 倒计时

have a basketball game against?? 和??进行一场篮球比赛

make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物need to do sth. 需要做某事

leap year 闰年 International Worker Day 国际劳动节

Teacher’s Day教师节 National Day 国庆节 the Spring Festival 春节

New Year’s Day 元旦 play with sb. 和某人玩 get together 聚会,相聚在一起

watch a movie 看电影 go mountain climbing 去爬山

have plans for?? 为??制定计划 hope to do sth. 希望做某事


1. what day is it today? 今天星期几?

这是询问对方星期几时常用的交际用语,也可以说 what day is today?答语可以用:It is?? 或者 Today is??


2. How is the weather ? 天气怎么样?

此句是讨论天气时常用的交际用语。回答时用表示天气情况的形容词。如:-How is the weather?天气怎么样?– It’s fine.天气很好。

此句可以跟“what’s the weather like?”互相替换。

3. Happy New Year! 新年快乐!

此句为新年祝福语。其答语常用“Happy New Year!”或者“The same to you!”

4. On March 24, we have Sports Day at our school.在3月24号, 我们学校开运动


(1) on March 24. 在3月24号 引导时间的介词常用“in,on,at”, 区别如下:具体

到某天用on, 一段时间用in, 某个点用at.

(2) Sports Day 运动会“sport”为可数名词,使用时常用复数形式。如:play sports 做


5. When is his birthday? 他的生日是什么时候?

“when is??”是询问日期的表达法。常用“It’s +日期”回答。如:—— When is New Year’s Day?什么时候是新年?

——It’s on January first. 一月一号。

6. All the rest have thirty-one.剩下所有的都是三十一天。

(1) all 作为代词时意思是“全部”。使用时一般要和“of”一起使用。和名词


All of the students are here.= All the students are here.所有的学生都在这里。

(2)“the rest”翻译为“其余的,剩余部分的”。如: Three of us will go, the rest can stay here. 我们去三个人,其余的人可以留在这里。

“rest”作名词时翻译为“休息”,常用词组为have arest “休息一下”。

7. What do you like to do on holiday? 在假期你喜欢做什么?

What do/does +主语+like to do ? 是询问“某人喜欢做什么?”的常用句型。“like to do”表一时的喜好,而“like doing”更侧重于经常的,习惯性的喜好。如:

Mary likes reading, but today she likes to watch TV. 玛丽喜欢读书但今天她喜欢看电视。

8. I hope to go to Australia and see Anne next Christmas.我希望明年圣诞节到澳


Hope to do 是表达个人愿望的结构,还可以直接在hope后加陈述句来表达个人愿望,

但不可以使用hope sb. to do sth.结构。

Unit 8 Countries around the World


on the map 在地图上 the same??as?? 和??一样??

be different from 和??不同

be southeast of 在??的东南方 a map of一张??的地图

a lot of=lots of 许多 come/be from 来自 the capital of??的首都

the Palace Museum 故宫 the Great Wall 长城

have a long history 有悠久的历史 China’s flag 中国国旗

all over the world =around the world遍及全世界

in the corner 在角落 one of?? ??之一

a list of?? ??的清单 English-speaking countries 说英语的国家

point up 向上指 in the world 在世界上 look at 看

look over 检查 look after 照顾look up 查阅

look like 看起来像 look the same 看起来一样

look around 四周张望 look out of 向??外面望去

a map of the world 一张世界地图 a map of China 一张中国地图

invite sb. to?? 邀请某人去?? the flag of the U.S. 美国地图

the capital of??=the capital city of ??的首都

thanks/thank you for?? 因??而感谢你


1. It’s southeast of China. 它在中国的东南方。

be southeast of ?? 在??的东南方


如: Fujian is south of Beijing. 福建在北京的南面。

表示具体位置时要使用介词“in, on,to”,三者区分如下:

(1)in the +方位词+of 表示“主语被包含在某一范围之内”

如: Hebei is in the north of China. 河北在中国的北部。

(2) on the+方位词+of 表“两地接壤”

如: Hebei is on the north of Henan. 河北在河南的北面。

(3) to the +方位词+of 表“主语在某一范围之外”

如: Japan is to the east of China. 日本在中国的东部。

2. I live in Washington, D.C. 我住在华盛顿。

Live in 住,居住。 Live为不及物动词, 常在其后加介词in,再加地点名词,但若加楼层常使用介词“on”。

如: Does Li Ming live in China? 李明住在中国吗?

The visitors live on the second floor. 旅客们住在2楼。

3. Here is a map of the United State. 这是一张美国地图。

此句结构为“Here +be+主语”。 here 位于句首,且主语不是代词, 句子用倒装语序, be动词需与后面的主语保持一致。

如:Here is an egg. 这是一个鸡蛋。

4. The little flag in the corner is the U.K.’s flag.在角落里的小国旗是英国的国旗。

(1)little意思是“小的,幼小的”,当表示“小的”时,同义词为small,当表示“年幼的,幼小的”时, 同义词为 young。

(2)in the corner 在角落里

如:What are you doing in the corner, Tom? 汤姆, 你在角落里干什么呢?

5.The kangaroo is one of the national animals of Australia. 袋鼠是澳大利亚的国宝之一。

Oneof?? ??之一,该词组与可数名词复数一起使用时,即“oneof the+复数名词”。如: He is one of

the boys from Canada. 他是来自加拿大的男孩之一。

Unit 1 A Trip to the Silk Road

 Lesson 1 A trip to China

 Lesson 2 Meet you in Beijing

 Lesson 3 A visit to Xi\\'an

 Lesson 4 A visit to Lanzhou

 Lesson5 Another stop along the Silk Road

 Lesson 6 Jenny\\'s Diary

 Review Unit Review

Unit 2 It\\'s show time!

 Lesson 7 What\\'s your project about?

 Lesson 8 Marco Polo and the Silk Road

 Lesson 9 Dunny\\'s school project

 Lesson 10 Music and dance

 Lesson 11 Food in China

 Lesson 12 A blog about the Silk Road

 Review Unit Review

Unit 3 School life

 Lesson 13 How is school going?

 Lesson 14 Jenny\\'s school life

 Lesson 15 Making a difference

 Lesson 16 We are with you!

 Lesson17 School science fair

 Lesson 18 Teaching in China

 Review Unit Review

Unit 4 After-school activities

 Lesson 19 A dinner date

 Lesson 20 Join our club!

 Lesson 21 What is your club type?

 Lesson 22 Big plans for the weekend

 Lesson 23 A weekend with Grandma

 Lesson 24 How was your weekend?

 Review Unit Review

Unit 5 I love learning English!

 Lesson 25 A phone friend

 Lesson 26 Online phone calls

 Lesson 27 Amazing English

 Lesson 28 How do I learn English?

 Lesson 29 A door to the world

 Lesson 30 Writing an E-mail in English

 Review Unit Review

Unit 6 Seasons

 Lesson 31 What strange weather!

 Lesson 32 I can\\'t wait for winter!

 Lesson 33 Kim\\'s favourite season

 Lesson 34 Steven\\'s report

 Lesson 35 Surfing in Sydney

 Lesson 36 Spring in China

 Review Unit Review

Unit 7 Sports and good health

 Lesson 37 You are what you eat!

 Lesson 38 Stay healthy!

 Lesson 39 Danny\\'s report

 Lesson 40 Move your body

 Lesson 41 Were people healthy then?

 Lesson 42 Know yourself

 Review Unit Review

Unit 8 Summer holiday is coming!

 Lesson 43 Have a good summer!

 Lesson 44 Volunteering in summer

 Lesson 45 Baseball season

 Lesson 46 Get ready for summer holiday!

 Lesson 47 Summer plans

 Lesson 48 Li Ming\\'s Summer Holiday

 Review Unit Review


Vocabulary and Structures